Social Studies

United States History I Standards

Description:  United States History for grades 7 and 8 covers events and issues from the Age of Exploration through Reconstruction and the western movement, emphasizing the 18th and 19th centuries. Topics covered will include, but are not limited to exploration, colonization, the Revolutionary War, constitutional issues, nation building, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the western movement.

Standards

Quarter One Competency Measures:

  • Student determines how geography affected the development of the United States.
  • Student identifies all 50 states on a map of the United States.
  • Student understands life among the various American Indian nations prior to European exploration of the New World.
  • Student analyzes the reasons for European exploration, including the economic, political and social reasons behind exploration.
  • Student identifies the reasons for European exploration, including the key individuals who contributed to European exploration.

Quarter Two Competency Measures:

  • Student identifies all 50 states on a map of the United States.
  • Student understands where and why European countries colonized North America.
  • Student understands the reasons for settlement of the English colonies.
  • Student understands the economic, political, and social patterns in the development of the New England colonies.
  • Student understands the economic, political, and social patterns in the development of the Middle colonies.
  • Student understands the economic, political, and social patterns in the development of the Southern colonies.

Quarter Three Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the significance of the American Revolution in the development of the United States, including the ideas and events that led to the Revolutionary movement including the contributions of key people and groups to the Revolution.
  • Students understand the significance of the American Revolution in the development of the United States, including the factors affecting the course of the war, contributing to American victory and the effects of the Revolution on the United States.
  • Students understand the structure and function of the United States government established by the Constitution, including the foundations and principles that led to the development of the Constitution and therefore, to the United States.
  • Students understand the structure and function of the United States government established by the Constitution, including the basic structure of the Constitution.

Quarter Four Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the territorial growth of the United States before the Civil War; examining Manifest Destiny and its role in American expansion, assessing the background and consequences of the Louisiana Purchase and determining the role of explorers in the expansion of the United States.
  • Student understands the expansion of the political system and social rights before the Civil War, examining the abolitionist movement, assessing the impact of reform in education, religion, prisons and the treatment of the mentally ill during this period and analyzing the extension of women’s political and legal rights.
  • Student understands the significance of the Civil War Era to the United States; analyzing differences and events that led to the Civil War, determining the factors that affected the course of the war and contributed to Union victory and evaluating the Reconstruction period and how it affected the United States following the Civil War.
  • Student understands the development of the  American West following the Civil War; analyzing the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the United States, including the development of the factory system, the role of factories on the growth of northern cities and the changes in working conditions caused by the Industrial Revolution.

United States Government and Citizenship Standards

Description: The goal of this course is to foster informed, responsible participation in public life. Knowing how to be a good citizen is essential to the preservation and improvement of United States democracy. Upon completion of this course, the student will understand the major ideas, protections, privileges, structures, and economic systems that affect the life of a citizen in the United States political system.

Standards

Quarter One Competency Measures:

  • Student identifies the ideas and events that significantly influenced the creation of the United States Constitution.
  • Student understands the essential ideas of United States constitutional government.
  • Student understands the importance of popular sovereignty and limited government in a democratic society.
  • Student identifies the organization and functions of the United States government.

Quarter Two Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the ways in which the legislative branch carries its responsibilities.
  • Student understands the ways in which the executive branch carries its responsibilities.
  • Student understands the ways in which the judicial branch carries its responsibilities.
  • Student understands the responsibilities and obligations of a citizen.

Quarter Three Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the essential ideas of United States constitutional government.
  • Student identifies the organization and functions of the United States government.
  • Student understands the ways in which the executive branch carries its responsibilities.
  • Student understands the ways in which the legislative branch carries its responsibilities.
  • Student understands the ways in which the judicial branch carries its responsibilities.

Quarter Four Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the protections and privileges of individuals and groups in the United States, assessing the freedoms and rights guaranteed in the United States Constitution and analyzing how civil rights and liberties have been changed through court decisions.
  • Student understands the responsibilities of citizens in the United States; investigating the responsibilities and obligations of a citizen, investigating ways in which responsible citizens take part in civic life and assessing methods for respectfully dealing with differences.
  • Student understands basic economic principles and how they influence everyday life, exploring major economic systems and determining how supply and demand affect the availability of goods and services.

World History Standards

Description: This course emphasizes the political, social, cultural, and economic events that distinguished Western Civilization from rise and fall of Rome to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Major topics include Rome, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Age of Discovery, the Enlightenment, Unification, Industrialization, the Age of Imperialism, World War I, the Rise of Dictators, WWII, and the Cold War. Emphasis is placed on primary works, including literary and visual sources, in order to provide a deeper appreciation for the events and people that have helped shape the modern world.

Standards

Quarter One Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the origins of early civilizations and their contributions to the foundations of human culture.
  • Student identifies the major characteristics of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia.
  • Student identifies the major characteristics of the early civilizations of Egypt.
  • Student identifies the major characteristics of the early civilizations of the Indus Valley.
  • Student identifies the major characteristics of the early civilizations of the Yellow River Valley.

Quarter Two Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the contributions of the Classical Civilizations.
  • Student understands the contributions of Classical Persia; including the purpose and influence of religions and philosophies, the development of classical political systems, the significance of aesthetic and performing arts and the social organization.
  • Student understands the contributions of Classical Greece; including the purpose and influence of religions and philosophies, the development of classical political systems, the significance of aesthetic and performing arts and the social organization.
  • Student understands the contributions of Classical Rome; including the purpose and influence of religions and philosophies, the development of classical political systems, the significance of aesthetic and performing arts and the social organization.

Quarter Three Competency Measures:

  • Student investigates the diffusion and interaction of cultures from the Classical Period through the Age of Discovery, including the major characteristics of interregional contact that linked the people of Africa, Asia and Europe.
  • Student investigates the diffusion and interaction of cultures from the Classical Period through the Age of Discovery, including the influence of advancing technologies on the development of societies.
  • Student investigates the diffusion and interaction of cultures from the Classical Period through the Age of Discovery, including the rise and development of the modern European political system and the political and economic importance of the growth of Europe.

Quarter Four Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the diffusion and interaction of cultures from the Classical Period through the Age of Discovery, assessing the influence of advancing technologies on the development of societies, comparing and contrasting the founding and organization of Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires to northern European trading empires and investigating the rise and development of the modern European political system.
  • Student understands the rise and development of the modern European political system, appraising the importance of intellectual and cultural change on early modern society, investigating the role of revolution in the establishment of governmental systems and analyzing the economic transformation of production and distribution of goods in Europe.
  • Students understand the influence of revolution and social change in the transition from early modern to contemporary societies, explaining the political, economic, and social philosophies that lead to revolution and comparing and contrasting major world revolutions; e.g., American, French, Russian and Chinese.
  • Student understands the global impact of the Industrial Revolution, analyzing the economic transformation of production and distribution of goods in Europe, comparing and contrasting capitalism and socialism, explaining the significance of the agricultural revolution and investigating the impact of the first and second Industrial Revolutions.

United States History II Standards

Description: At the high school level, Alpine Academy focuses on the concepts in United States history that are essential for the continuation of our democratic society. This course will help students make connections between their world and the rich heritage of United States history. The course is designed as a survey of American history with an emphasis on post-Reconstruction America (1876-Present), but also includes a review of the earlier period.

Standards

Quarter One Competency Measures:

  • Student understands how transportation, communication, and marketing improvements and innovations transformed the American economy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
  • Student identifies the prominent business leaders and the business organizations that influenced the growth of industrialization in the United States.
  • Student understands the challenges presented to urban inhabitants.
  • Student understands how the United States became involved in imperialism, determining the economic, social, and military affects of United States imperialism.
  • Student identifies how the United States became involved in the Spanish-American War, including the cause, course, and consequences of the Spanish-American War.

Quarter Two Competency Measures:

  • Student understands how World War I affected the military and the home front of the United States.
  • Student understands how Americans reacted to rapid social change during the 1920’s.
  • Student understands how the Great Depression and the New Deal affected the United States.

Quarter Three Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the causes, course, and consequences of the United States’ role in World War II, including the rules and weapons of World War II.
  • Student understands the causes, course, and consequences of the United States’ role in World War II, including how America shifted from isolationism to intervention.
  • Student understands the causes, course and consequences of the United States’ role in World War II, including the impact World War II had on the American home front.
  • Student understands the United States’ domestic and international position in the Cold War era, including how the postwar goals and action of the United States and the Soviet Union were manifested throughout the world.

Quarter Four Competency Measures:

  • Student understands the United States’ domestic and international position in the Cold War era, investigating how the postwar goals and action of the United States and the Soviet Union were manifested throughout the world, analyzing the Cold War ideology of the United States’ involvement in Asia, summarizing the political, social, and economic reactions to the Cold War in the United States and investigating the end of the Cold War and examine America’s role in the changing world.
  • Student understands the emergence and development of the human rights and culture in the modern era, analyzing how the civil rights movement affected United States society and investigating the impact of the counter-culture since the 1960’s.
  • Student understands the economic and political changes in contemporary America, analyzing the economy of the contemporary United States and determine how politics was changed by the end of the Cold War.

Women in History Standards

Description: This course gives students an opportunity to examine the many contributions of women throughout history.  Students will gain a better understanding of the social forces that affect women in our society.  The class lectures, multimedia presentations, and readings emphasize factors of race, class, region, ethnicity, and age, but also trace how the changing definitions of gender for both males and females has affected general historical trends.

Standards

Coming soon…